Israel’s foundation in a ‘terroristic campaign of expulsion, ethnic cleansing and murder’ is the ‘deep wound in that part of the world’ — Sullivan

The original article can be found here:

http://mondoweiss.net/2014/08/foundation-terroristic-expulsion.html

Andrew Sullivan, credit StuckinCustoms, Flickr

One of the positive things about the Gaza onslaught is that it has revealed to reasonable Americans that Israel has no answer to its foundational problem– the question of Palestinian disenfranchisement– except killing and ethnically-cleansing Palestinians. And that the nihilism of that Israeli policy is longstanding: Gaza is filled with refugees from 1948 and their descendants.

Thus the current onslaught has broached a root-causes conversation: the wisdom or justice of establishing a Jewish state there in the first place.

Yesterday Andrew Sullivan posted a dialogue with Sam Harris in which Sullivan demolished Harris by repeatedly citing the injustice entailed in Israel’s creation: the terroristic expulsion and ethnic cleansing of the Nakba is “the deep wound in that part of the world,” “the most recent big event in the history of that part of the world – and the Palestinians had almost no say in any of it.”

Now Sullivan is a conservative who doesn’t want to upset a long-established order, which is to say, he’s for a two-state solution. But Sullivan’s comments on Zionist history are bracing and wonderful: 

[W]hen you say the Israelis only want to live in peace with their neighbors, is that why 1948 is regarded by any non-Israeli in the region as a “catastrophe”? Was that living in peace with their neighbors? That was a terroristic campaign of expulsion, of ethnic cleansing, and of mass murder. That’s how Israel was founded. And many of the people living in Gaza and on the West Bank are the descendants of refugees from that original act of ethnic cleansing. One problem of the debate in the U.S. is that this vital piece of context is so often removed, and so we have an utterly ahistorical understanding in which the motives of one side become unintelligible…

[T]he problem is that other people happened to live there already in the land assigned to newcomers – and they regarded their lives as ruined. They were the majority, and they were not Jewish. This is the most recent big event in the history of that part of the world – and the Palestinians had almost no say in any of it. So to claim that we just have to accept this as a given and that any complaints about the deep wound in that part of the world are somehow illegitimate or to be bracketed off from the core discussion seems to me to miss the whole point of the conflict….

It’s not simply a nice, peaceful country fighting forces of jihadist Islam. In fact, you can say that one of the major sources of jihadist Islam and anti-Western terrorism has been not just the founding of Israel, but its expansion and its constant presence in the lives of so many Arabs in the Middle East….

If I suddenly found that the south of England, where I grew up, had been occupied by the French through a war of conquest, and they were then populating England with French people dedicated to creating France in Britain, then I don’t think I would be some bigoted anti-Semite to be furious about the land that was taken from me. You don’t need anti-Semitism to explain why people would feel enraged about a hostile takeover of their own land. It’s such a canard to say that there’s something outrageous about being offended that you’ve been thrown out of your land, town, or home. And it’s made worse when even in the place left to you, you are then policed, monitored, harassed, and constantly controlled by an occupying force. This is an absolute recipe for disaster.

Yes, as John Judis informed us in Genesis, FDR and Harry Truman both said that establishing a Jewish state on Palestinian land would lead to World War 3.

I would contrast Sullivan’s straightforward insight about Zionism to the refrain we’ve heard in recent weeks about other root causes: radical Islam, French and English colonialism.

Fareed Zakaria has told Brooke Baldwin on CNN that ISIS in Iraq represents “the end of the multicultural Middle East:”

The Middle East actually used to be a place where Christians, Muslims, Jews for many, many centuries, Jews were very much part of our Arab countries. Baghdad was a third Jewish in the early 1940s. That’s over.

What you’re watching in Iraq is, first of all, remember, something like 600,000 Christians have already fled Iraq because of the Shiite sectarian government in place in Baghdad. 

Now what you’re witnessing is a kind of dramatic ramping up and horrific escalation of it. What you’re seeing in Syria is the Christians leaving, the Armenians, Druze, these ancient communities that are really in some cases Christians from the time of the Bible. They are all leaving. And they are going to have to find some safe havens. Iraqi Kurdistan is proving to be one of the great safe havens. Probably Lebanon will be the other. But all of these other countries you’re just seeing massive ethnic cleansing. 

Obviously ISIS is a scary player. But Zakaria could have mentioned Zionism’s role in that mess, couldn’t he? The emptying of Baghdad’s Jewish population, for instance, followed the establishment of a Jewish state, and was surely accelerated by Zionists.

Then there’s that other historical theme of a few weeks back: that the problems began with the secret Sykes Picot treaty of 1916. Dexter Filkins, Richard Engel and Brooke Gladstone all treated that colonial agreement to draw arbitrary national lines in the Middle East as a root cause of ethnic conflict in Iraq today. And of course it has a role; but they could also have mentioned England’s Balfour Declaration of 1917, to establish a Jewish national home in Palestine, which no Arab leaders wanted.

Finally, there’s Tom Friedman. “This isn’t Scandinavia,” he intoned solemnly– in explaining that Israel was justified in going crazy on Hamas in Gaza because Hamas is connected to jihadists across the Middle East.

Exactly: it’s not Scandinavia, Scott Roth said to me lately. It’s been carved up by colonial schemes for the last 100 years, and Zionism created a state in defiance of Arabs’ wishes.

When will Friedman turn his harsh light on Zionism? He grew up in the Zionist community. He was giving chalktalks on the Six Day War to his classmates in high school. Andrew Sullivan knows that this too is part of the problem, the Zionist inoculation in American Jewish identity:

I’m not that invested by my identity in any of this. I have been to Israel once and I have nothing but amazed admiration for what they’ve achieved and who they are and have incredible respect for their achievements. I really do…

But the thing that happens to me in this debate in America is that many of my Jewish friends cannot debate this, it seems to me, without extreme emotional investment in it, and that’s a very hard thing to deal with. It seems as if when you criticize Israel, every Jewish American takes it personally. That, I think, makes debate about this very tough. Do you not think that your being a Jew affects the way you talk about this thing?

Sam Harris says No. But I don’t believe him. It’s affected me and countless other Jews seeking awareness. It’s our gift and our struggle.

 

The original article can be found here:
http://www.democracynow.org/2014/8/4/disgraceful_criminal_act_israel_condemned_as

Monday, August 4, 2014

“Disgraceful,” “Criminal Act”: Israel Condemned as 10 Die in Another Strike on U.N. Shelter in Gaza 

Aug 11, 2014 | Story

 

By Yuram Abdullah Weiler
 
On Line: 03 August 2014 15:02
In Print: Monday 04 August 2014
 
The Original Article can be found here:
 
 
 
“There is no more just war than this one that our heroic sons are fighting.”
 
—Zionist prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu
 
As the death toll in the latest episode of the ongoing Gaza genocide has exceeded 1,700, the United States once again has given carte blanche support to its Zionist ally.  Ignoring sharp condemnations by the United Nations Human Rights Council of “widespread, systematic and gross violations of international human rights and fundamental freedoms” in Gaza, Washington is rearming Tel Aviv with weapons from its billion-dollar stash kept inside the Israeli entity.
 
Once again, the Zionist regime has launched a bloody assault on Gaza for the alleged purpose of defending “Israeli” citizens against a hostile entity, Hamas.  The excuse for the latest operation was the kidnapping of three teenagers, Gilad Sha’ar, Naftali Fraenkel and Eyal Yifrah, which Netanyahu immediately blamed on Hamas, although the resistance movement apparently had nothing to do with it.  Nevertheless in a ten-day operation called Brother’s Keeper, Israeli occupation forces arrested approximately 800 Palestinians without charge or trial, killed nine civilians and raided nearly 1,300 residential, commercial and public buildings in the Occupied West Bank.  
 
According to journalist Max Blumenthal, the Zionist regime withheld information on the three murdered teens for two weeks deliberately to incite violence, racial tension and justify another military rampage against Gaza.  To squelch evidence that the kidnapped teenagers had been murdered by members of the Qawasmeh clan possibly as early as June 12, the Zionist security agency Shin Bet obtained a gag order, giving Netanyahu more time to build his case for another military campaign against Hamas.  When the bodies of the victims were finally found on June 30 by volunteers and not the Israeli occupation forces incidentally, Netanyahu immediately tweeted, “Hamas is responsible and Hamas will pay.  May the memories of the 3 boys be blessed.”
 
As a result of Netanyahu’s fanning the flames of racial hatred over the slain Israeli teens, a Palestinian youth, Muhammad Abu Khdeir, was kidnapped and murdered by three Zionist lunatics in a revenge killing. According to the initial police report, the perpetrators had poured gasoline on him and burned him alive. The three main suspects, who have already confessed to the gruesome act, will likely plead temporary insanity, while three others associated with the same extremist cell already have been released.   And as if this weren’t enough grief for the victim’s family, Zionist police detained Muhammad’s American cousin, 15-year-old Tariq Abu Khdeir, and beat him unmercifully, prompting calls from the Zionist-controlled Washington regime for an investigation into the incident.
 
Nevertheless, Netanyahu’s inflammatory strategy worked, allowing him to execute another bloody massacre on the Palestinians of Gaza, about whom he remarked, “They are not like us. We sanctify life, they sanctify death!”  However, the opposite would appear to be true judging by the number of vicious campaigns the Zionist regime has launched against the residents of besieged coastal enclave since Hamas took over the government in 2007.  First,  a battle for control of Gaza took place from June 7 to 15, 2007 between U.S.-supported forces aligned with Muhammad Dahlan, the former head of Gaza’s PA Preventative Security Service (PSS).  Then on September 19, the Zionist entity declared Gaza as “a hostile entity” in order to legitimize and escalate collective punishment operations by its occupation forces, which took the lives of 394 Palestinians that year.  
 
In 2008, Operation Hot Winter began on February 29 and by mid-year, 409 Palestinians had been killed. Later that same year, Operation Cast Lead began on December 27 and lasted until January 18, 2009, during which Zionist forces killed 1,417 Palestinians.  In 2010, 72 Gazans were killed Zionist forces  while in 2011, 112 more were killed despite the unofficial Tahdi’a (lull) agreement between Zionist occupation forces and Palestinian resistance groups.  In March 2012, the Zionist regime launched Operation Returning Echo killing 80 Palestinians, followed by Operation Pillar of Defense from November 14 to 21, which claimed the lives of another 171 Palestinians. 
 
By the end of 2013, the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights had documented the killings of 7,032 Palestinians by occupation forces and illegal settlers since the outbreak of the second intifada in September 2000.  This number includes 1,328 children.  Additionally, the Israeli entity has established Access Restricted Areas (ARA) on the eastern and northern borders of Gaza, and along the shore of the Mediterranean Sea. Access to these vaguely defined buffer zones is prohibited to Gazans and enforced by live fire from trigger-happy Zionist troops, who add to the ever-increasing Palestinian death toll daily.  In spite of Zionist military officials’ claims that these areas are 300 meters wide, farmers attempting to tend to their crops as far away as 1,200 meters have been killed by snipers shooting from guard towers. 
 
The current terror campaign named Operation Protective Edge is the longest and bloodiest launched against Gaza so far. In addition to deploying banned depleted-uranium, white phosphorus and DIME (Dense Inert Metal Explosive) weapons that emit superheated micro-shrapnel,  the Zionist war machine has targeted al-Wafa Rehabilitation Center and Al Aqsa Hospital in Gaza.  Furthermore, according to UN reports, 79 health facilities and 133 schools have been either shelled or damaged during Zionist bombardments.  “None of this appears to me to be accidental,” declared UN human rights chief Navi Pillay on July 31. “There appears to be deliberate defiance of obligations that international law imposes on Israel.”
 
Besides bombing schools and hospitals, the Zionists have imposed a 7-year-long blockade on Gaza that has cut off food, medical supplies, and other essentials, thereby creating a humanitarian nightmare.  This closure of Gaza border crossings has restricted the number of trucks allowed entry into Gaza from 570 per day in 2007 to 160 per day on the average in 2013,  placing the Zionist blockade within the UN legal criteria for genocide as enumerated in General Assembly Resolution 260A (III) Article 2 dated December 9, 1948.  Even Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas has called Zionist aggression in Gaza a “genocide.”  Nevertheless, 90% of Israelis believe this genocide against Palestinians is justified.
 
According to Zionist logic, since all of Gaza’s 1.8 million Palestinians are human shields for Hamas, the solution to the “rocket problem” is to systematically destroy the 360 square-kilometer strip of land and to expect a world watching in horror to accept this genocide as mere collateral damage.  However, facts refute this warped logic, as well as Netanyahu’s “just war”:
 
1. The Israeli entity is an occupying power that denies Palestinians the right to self-govern and protect themselves, while simultaneously invoking its right to self-defense. 
2.  Despite removing 8,000 settlers and the military infrastructure, the Zionist entity has maintained effective control of Gaza and thus remains the occupying power as defined by Article 47 of the Hague Regulations.
3. Hamas has fired rockets in retaliation for Zionist aggressions, but had not fired any rockets in the year-and-a-half since Operation Pillar of Defense ended in a ceasefire, and has even has apprehended Fatah operatives firing rockets at the Israeli entity.
4.  The Zionist regime deliberately targets civilians and infrastructure, as Major General Gadi Eizenkot explained, “What happened in the Dahiya quarter of Beirut in 2006 will happen in every village from which Israel is fired on. … We will apply disproportionate force on it and cause great damage and destruction there.”
5. The Zionist entity–not Hamas–has systematically used Palestinians as human shields since the incursion into the West Bank in 2002, by tying young Palestinians onto the hoods of their vehicles or forcing them to go into homes in advance of search operations.
 
While the Zionists loudly shriek, “Stop the rockets,” Miko Peled, the son of an Israeli occupation force general, correctly points out that if the Zionists don’t like rockets, they should decolonize Palestine.  Meanwhile until the occupation ends, every Zionist strike on Hamas only results in further popular sympathy and support for the Islamic resistance movement.

 

August 18, 2014, 5:18 am

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Verified living supercentenarians

Source:- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_living_supercentenarians

Below is a list of living supercentenarians verified by an appropriate independent authority (all cases are verified by the GRG). There are currently 70 such individuals, of whom 65 are female and 5 are male.

 

Rank Name Sex Birth date Age as of 4 March 2014 Place of residence
1 Misao Okawa[1] F 5 March 1898 115 years, 364 days Japan
2 Jeralean Talley[1] F 23 May 1899 114 years, 285 days United States
3 Susannah Mushatt Jones[1] F 6 July 1899 114 years, 241 days United States
4 Bernice Madigan[1] F 24 July 1899 114 years, 223 days United States
5 Emma Morano-Martinuzzi[1] F 29 November 1899 114 years, 95 days Italy
6 Anna Henderson[1] F 5 March 1900 113 years, 364 days United States
7 Antonia Gerena Rivera[1] F 19 May 1900 113 years, 289 days United States[a]
8 Ethel Lang[1] F 27 May 1900 113 years, 281 days United Kingdom
9 Nabi Tajima[1] F 4 August 1900 113 years, 212 days Japan
10 Blanche Cobb[1] F 8 September 1900 113 years, 177 days United States
11 Anna Stoehr[1] F 15 October 1900 113 years, 140 days United States
12 Goldie Steinberg[1] F 30 October 1900 113 years, 125 days United States[b]
13 Merle Barwis[1] F 23 December 1900 113 years, 71 days Canada[c]
14 Ora Holland[1] F 24 December 1900 113 years, 70 days United States
15 Opal Thompson[1] F 13 January 1901 113 years, 50 days United States
16 Kiyoko Ishiguro[1] F 4 March 1901 113 years, 0 days Japan
17 Dominga Velasco[1] F 12 May 1901 112 years, 296 days United States[d]
18 Edna Bowman[1] F 3 June 1901 112 years, 274 days United States
19 Olympe Amaury[1] F 19 June 1901 112 years, 258 days France
20 Ruby Clawson[1] F 15 July 1901 112 years, 232 days United States
21 Hanae Kimura[1] F 8 August 1901 112 years, 208 days Japan
22 Rosa Bandini-Alberghi[1] F 11 September 1901 112 years, 174 days Italy
Adéa Pellerin-Cormier[1] F 11 September 1901 112 years, 174 days Canada
24 Toshie Yorimitsu[1] F 30 September 1901 112 years, 155 days Japan
25 Eudoxie Baboul[1] F 1 October 1901 112 years, 154 days France
26 Matsuyo Kageyama[1] F 10 October 1901 112 years, 145 days Japan
27 Emma Otis[1] F 22 October 1901 112 years, 133 days United States
28 Tou Tajiri[1] F 23 October 1901 112 years, 132 days Japan
29 Esther Ecklund[1] F 28 October 1901 112 years, 127 days United States[e]
30 Ana Vela-Rubio[1] F 29 October 1901 112 years, 126 days Spain
Hana Shindo[1] F 29 October 1901 112 years, 126 days Japan
32 Jane Gray[1] F 1 December 1901 112 years, 93 days Australia[f]
33 Gertrud Henze[1] F 8 December 1901 112 years, 86 days Germany
34 María Concha Pérez-Cidad[1] F 9 December 1901 112 years, 85 days Spain
35 Bertha Harris[1] F 3 January 1902 112 years, 60 days United States
36 Mitsue Toyoda[1] F 15 February 1902 112 years, 17 days Japan
37 Kathleen Snavely[1] F 16 February 1902 112 years, 16 days United States[g]
38 Vi Robbins[1] F 28 February 1902 112 years, 4 days Australia
39 Sugino Tamai[1] F 9 March 1902 111 years, 360 days Japan
40 Kitsuyo Yamamoto[1] F 12 March 1902 111 years, 357 days Japan
41 Marguerite Conrad[1] F 15 March 1902 111 years, 354 days France
42 Marie-Josephine Gaudette[1] F 25 March 1902 111 years, 344 days Italy[h]
43 Yukie Hino[1] F 17 April 1902 111 years, 321 days Japan
44 Arturo Licata[1] M 2 May 1902 111 years, 306 days Italy
45 Fanny Godin[1] F 27 May 1902 111 years, 281 days Belgium
46 Giuseppina Projetto[1] F 30 May 1902 111 years, 278 days Italy
47 Sotomi Hara[1] F 7 June 1902 111 years, 270 days Japan
48 Tsuya Miura[1] F 24 July 1902 111 years, 223 days Japan
49 Yoneno Kouno[1] F 7 August 1902 111 years, 209 days Japan
50 Rosa Pesce[1] F 12 September 1902 111 years, 173 days Italy
51 Kiyo Oshiro[1] F 15 September 1902 111 years, 170 days Japan
52 Helen Wheat[1] F 16 September 1902 111 years, 169 days United States
53 Masa Iseri[1] F 19 September 1902 111 years, 166 days Japan
54 Dorothy Peel[1] F 28 September 1902 111 years, 157 days United Kingdom
55 Take Matsui[1] F 1 October 1902 111 years, 154 days Japan
Masayo Ito[1] F 1 October 1902 111 years, 154 days Japan
57 Florence Pittaway[1] F 15 October 1902 111 years, 140 days United Kingdom
Sute Sato[1] F 15 October 1902 111 years, 140 days Japan
59 Egbertje Leutscher-de Vries[1] F 22 October 1902 111 years, 133 days Netherlands
60 Adelaida González-Alonso[1] F 23 October 1902 111 years, 132 days Spain
61 Ida Schlesinger[1] F 7 November 1902 111 years, 117 days United States
62 Myrtle Clifton[1] F 19 November 1902 111 years, 105 days United States
63 Matsu Adachi[1] F 1 January 1903 111 years, 62 days Japan
64 Gladys Hooper[1] F 18 January 1903 111 years, 45 days United Kingdom
65 Alexander Imich[1] M 4 February 1903 111 years, 28 days United States[i]
66 Sakari Momoi[1] M 5 February 1903 111 years, 27 days Japan
67 Helen Lettinga[1] F 6 February 1903 111 years, 26 days United States
68 Yasutaro Koide[1] M 13 March 1903 110 years, 356 days Japan
69 Ethan Shelton[1] M 10 July 1903 110 years, 237 days United States
70 Aleksandra Dranka[2] F 3 October 1903 110 years, 152 days Poland[j]

a^ Gerena was born in Puerto Rico.
b^ Steinberg was born in Kishinev, which was then a part of the Russian Empire; it is now located in Moldova.
c^ Barwis was born in the United States.
d^ Velasco was born in Mexico.
e^ Ecklund was born in Sweden.
f^ Gray was born in the United Kingdom.
g^ Snavely was born in Ireland.
h^ Gaudette was born in the United States.
i^ Imich was born in Częstochowa, which was then a part of the Russian Empire. It is now in Poland.
j^ Dranka was born in Harklowa, which was then part of Austria-Hungary; it is presently located in Poland.

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On The Short List 

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George Gaynes (born George Jongejans; May 16, 1917)

Sir Christopher Frank Carandini Lee, CBE, CStJ (born 27 May 1922)
 
Sir Roger George Moore, KBE (born 14 October 1927)
 
George Clifton James (born May 29, 1921)
 
Kirk Douglas [born Issur Danielovitch on December 9, 1916]
 
Abraham Charles “Abe” Vigoda (born February 24, 1921)
 
Zsa Zsa Gabor [born Sári Gábor on February 6, 1917]
 
Edward Gough Whitlam, AC, QC (born 11 July 1916)

Jerry Lewis [born Joseph (Jerome) Levitch on March 16, 1926]

James Earl “Jimmy” Carter, Jr. (born October 1, 1924)

Isaac Sidney “Sid” Caesar (born September 8, 1922)

Arthur Christopher Orme Plummer, CC (born December 13, 1929)

Sidney Poitier (born February 20, 1927)

Donald Jay “Don” Rickles (born May 8, 1926)

Doris Day (born Doris Mary Ann Kappelhoff, April 3, 1924)

Olivia Mary de Havilland (born 1 July 1916)

Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor) (born 21 April 1926)

Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born 10 June 1921)

Angela Brigid Lansbury, CBE (born 16 October 1925)

Albert Francis “Al” Molinaro (born June 24, 1919)

Gina Lollobrigida ( born 4 July 1927)

Carol Elaine Channing (born January 31, 1921)

Maureen O’Hara (born 17 August 1920)

Guy Hamilton (born 16 September 1922)

Louis Jourdan (born 19 June 1921)

Lawrence Peter “Yogi” Berra (born May 12, 1925)

Charles Edward Anderson “Chuck” Berry (born October 18, 1926)

Richard Wayne Van Dyke (born December 13, 1925)

Riley B. King (born September 16, 1925)

Edward Gough Whitlam AC QC (/ˈɡɒf ˈwɪtləm/ born July 11, 1916)

George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924)

Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger (born 16 April 1927)

Betty Marion White Ludden (born January 17, 1922)

George Robert “Bob” Newhart (born September 5, 1929)

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Kosher vs. Halal

In order for meat to be kosher, it must fit a number of requirements:
- It must be from a kosher animal (e.g., cow, as opposed to pig)
- It must have been in good health before it is slaughtered.
- It must be slaughtered at the neck with a very sharp knife.
- Some portions of the fat, and all blood must be removed.(The blood is drawn out by packing the fresh meat in salt, which is where kosher salt gets its name from.)
A blessing is generally said before the slaughter, but its absence would not, I think, render the meat non-kosher.
And a rabbi is generally supposed to be present to ensure that all the above have been strictly followed.

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Western Slaughterhouses  & Abattoirs

Stunning the animal before it is actually slaughtered is a common practice in many western countries. It is claimed to be more comforting and causing less pain to the animal.

Pre-slaughter stunning was originally introduced to protect abattoir personnel, rather than the animals themselves. The idea was to immobilize the animal to facilitate killing procedures. However, the principle of stunning has now evolved to encompass the idea that animals should be rendered unconscious before they are slaughtered.

There are many methods used for stunning animals, just to mention a few:

The Captive Bolt Pistol

This stunning method is widely used for all farmed animals. There are two types of captive bolt pistol: penetrative and non-penetrative. Penetrative stunners drive a bolt into the skull and cause unconsciousness both through physical brain damage and the concussive blow to the skull. The bolt on a non-penetrative stunner is ‘mushroom-headed’ and impacts on the brain without entering the skull. Unconsciousness is caused by the concussive blow. After the animal is unconscious, it is slaughtered.

The bolt is described as ‘captive’ because it flies out of the barrel but remains attached to the pistol. The pistol is placed on the centre of the animal’s forehead and is either trigger-fired or fires automatically on contact with the animal’s head.

Pitching

Pitching is carried out in the majority of cattle slaughterhouses. The practice involves inserting a wire or rod through the hole in the head made by the captive bolt. The rod is slid up and down to destroy the lower part of the brain and the spinal cord.

Electric head-only stunning (electric shock or current)

Electric head-only stunning with tongs is used to stun cattle, calves, sheep, goats, rabbits and ostriches. The operator places a pair of electric tongs on either side of the animal’s head and passes an electric current through the brain – supposedly causing a temporary loss of consciousness.

Waterbath stunning

The electric waterbath is widely used to stun chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese. Birds are shackled upside down on a moving conveyor which carries them to an electrified waterbath into which their heads are supposed to be immersed. The shackles contact a bar which is connected to earth. The strength of the electrical current has risen in recent years – with the aim of ensuring that birds suffer a cardiac arrest and die when they enter the waterbath.

Gas stunning

An animal is stunned by exposing them to a mixture of carbon dioxide and air. This gas causes the animal to loose its consciousness, after which it is slaughtered.

Halal is an Arabic word that means “permissible.” In terms of food, it means food that is permissible according to Islamic law. For a meat to be certified “halal,” it cannot be a forbidden cut (such as meat from hindquarters) or animal (such as pork.)

The slaughter of a halal animal is called “zabihah” and there are certain guidelines to follow:

  • Allah’s (God’s) name must be pronounced during slaughter.
  • The instrument must be very sharp to ensure humane slaughter. The animal must be slit at the throat.
  • The animal must not be unconscious
  • The animal must be hung upside down and allowed to bleed dry. Eating blood is not halal.
  • These steps must be accomplished by a Muslim or the People of the Book (Christian or Jew.) Many observant Muslims find kosher meat acceptable.
  • The animal must have been fed a natural diet that did not contain animal by-products.
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Carla Laemmle (1909), Luise Rainer(1910), Lupita Tovar (1911), Mary Carlisle (1912), Risë Stevens (1913), Ellen Dow, Anna Wing (1914), Patricia Morison (1915), Olivia de Havilland (1916), Zsa Zsa Gabor (1917), Danielle Darrieux, June Foray, Marsha Hunt, Janet Waldo 1918), Marjorie Lord, Mary Healey, Audrey Totter, Marge Champion (1919), Michele Morgan 1920), Renee Asherson, Maureen O’Hara, Jayne Meadows, Nanette Fabray, Noel Neill, Carol Channing (1921), Elizabeth Wilson, Barbara Hale, Muriel Pavlow, Jean Kent, Esther Williams, Jane Adams, Betty White (1922), Sheila Sim, Eleanor Parker, Micheline Presle, Jean Darling, Janis Paige, Louise Latham, Lizabeth Scott, Juanita Moore, Coleen Gray, Ruby Dee, Madeleine Sherwood.

ACTORS:

Richard Coogan (1914), Norman Lloyd, Wally Cassell (1915), Eli Wallach, Don Keefer (1916), Kirk Douglas, George Gaynes (1917), Efrem Zimbalist, Eddie Lawrence (1919), Louis Jourdan, Al Molinaro, Alan Young, Abe Vigoda (1921), Clifton James, Gerald O’Loughlin, Graham Stark (1922), William Phipps, Patrick MacNee, Steven Hill, James Noble, Bill Macy, Christopher Lee, William Schallert, Frank Marth, Sid Caesar, Fyvush Finkel.

DIRECTORS:

Manoel de Oliveira (1908), Carlo Lizzani (1917), Ted Post (1918), Gabriel Axel, Lester James Peries (1919), Michael Anderson (1920), Lewis Gilbert, Andrew McLaglen, Miklos Jancso (1921),
Gene Saks, Walter Grauman (1922), Carl Reiner, Alain Resnais, Damiano Damiani, Guy Hamilton, Bert Gordon, Jonas Mekas.

PRODUCERS:

Elmo Williams (1913), A.C. Lyles (1918), Artur Brauner, Saul Zaentz (1921), Walter Mirisch, Norman Lear (1922).

MISCELLANEOUS:

Roy Douglas (1907), Douglas Slocombe(1913), Gilbert Taylor (1914), Van Alexander(1915), Oswald Morris, Stanley Kauffmann (1916), Fay Kanin (1917), Blaine Gibson (1918), Shinobu Hashimoto, Bob Schiller, Walter Bernstein (1919), Ray Harryhausen (1920), Bob
Godfrey (1921), Haskell Wexler (1922).Expanded list:

ACTRESSES:

Carla Laemmle (1909, Dracula),
Luise Rainer (1910, The Great Ziegfeld)
Lupita Tovar (1911, Dracula (Spanish), mother of Susan Kohner),
Mary Carlisle (1912, Baby Face Morgan),
Rise Stevens (1913, Going My Way), Ellen Dow (Wedding Crashers),
Anna Wing (1914, TV’s EastEnders),
Patricia Morison (1915, Song of Bernadette),
Olivia de Havilland (1916, Gone With the Wind)
Zsa Zsa Gabor (1917, Moulin Rouge), Danielle Darrieux (La Ronde), June Foray (Rocky & Bullwinkle), Marsha Hunt (Smash-Up),  Janet Waldo (1918, The Jetsons), Marjorie Lord (Make Room for Daddy), Mary Healey (The 5,000 Fingers of Dr. T), & Audrey Totter (The Postman Always Rings Twice).
Marge Champion (1919, dancer and model for Snow White)
Michele Morgan (1920, The Fallen Idol), Renee Asherson (Henry V, 1944), Maureen O’Hara (The Quiet Man), Nanette Fabray (The Band Wagon), Jayne Meadows (Enchantment, 1947), and Noel Neill (TV’s The Adventures of Superman).
Carol Channing (1921, Thoroughly Modern Millie) Elizabeth Wilson (The Graduate), Barbara Hale (The Boy With Green Hair), Muriel Pavlow (Doctor in the House), Jean Kent (The Browning Version), Esther Williams (Bathing Beauty, 1944), Jane Adams (House of Dracula), Betty White (1922, TV’s The Golden Girls), Sheila Sim (A Canterbury Tale, 1944), Eleanor Parker (The Man with the Golden Arm), Micheline Presle (Devil in the Flesh, 1940s), Jean Darling (Our Gang), Janis Paige (Silk Stockings), Louise Latham (Marnie), Lizabeth Scott (Strange Love of Martha Ivers), Juanita Moore (Imitation of Life, 1959), Coleen Gray (Nightmare Alley), Ruby Dee (A Raisin in the Sun), Madeleine Sherwood (TV’s The Flying Nun)

ACTORS:

Richard Coogan (1914, Captain Video) Norman Lloyd (Saboteur),
Wally Cassell (1915, Sands of Iwo Jima), Eli Wallach (The Good, the Bad, & the Ugly),
Don Keefer (1916, Sleeper), Kirk Douglas (Spartacus),
George Gaynes (1917, Police Academy),
Efrem Zimbalist, (Wait Until Dark),
Eddie Lawrence (1919, The Night They Raided Minsky’s), Louis Jourdan (Gigi), Al Molinaro (TV’s Happy Days) & Alan Young (TV’s Mister Ed)
Abe Vigoda (1921, TV’s Fish), Clifton James (The Man with the Golden Gun) & Gerald O’Loughlin (TV’s The Rookies).
Graham Stark (1922, The Pink Panther), William Phipps (Disney’s Cinderella), Patrick MacNee (TV’s The Avengers), Steven Hill (TV’s Mission Impossible), James Noble (TV’s Benson), Bill Macy (TV’s Maude), Christopher Lee (House of Dracula), William Schallert (Star Trek’s The Trouble with Tribbles), Frank Marth (TV’s The Honeymooners), Sid Caesar (TV’s Your Show of Shows), Fyvush Finkel (TV’s Picket Fences)

DIRECTORS:

Manoel de Oliveira (1908, I’m Going Home),
Carlo Lizzani (1917, Achtung Banditi),
Ted Post (1918, Beneath the Planet of the Apes) & Gabriel Axel (Babette’s Feast)
Lester James Peries (1919, Rekava aka The Line of Destiny (1956)
Michael Anderson (1920, Logan’s Run), Lewis Gilbert (The Spy Who Loved Me), Andrew McLaglen (TV’s Gunsmoke)
Miklos Jancso (1921, The Red and the White), and Gene Saks (The Odd Couple)
Walter Grauman (1922, TV’s Murder, She Wrote), Carl Reiner (Oh, God!), Alain Resnais (Hiroshima Mon Amour), Damiano Damiani (The Devil is a Woman), Guy Hamilton (Goldfinger), Bert Gordon (Village of the Giants), Jonas Mekas (avant-garde director)

PRODUCERS:

Elmo Williams (1913, Tora! Tora! Tora!),
AC Lyles (1918, Apache Uprising), Artur Brauner (Europa Europa)
Saul Zaentz (1921, One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest) & Walter Mirisch (West Side Story)
Norman Lear (1922 TV’s All in the Family)

MISCELLANEOUS:

Roy Douglas (1907, orchestrator, Major Barbara),
Douglas Slocombe(1913, cinematographer, Raiders of the Lost Ark),
Gilbert Taylor (1914, cinematographer, Star Wars),
Van Alexander (1915, composer, TV’s I Dream of Jeannie), Oswald Morris (cinematographer, Fiddler on the Roof),
Stanley Kauffmann (1916, critic),
Fay Kanin (1917, screenwriter, Teacher’s Pet),
Blaine Gibson (1918, Disney animator), Shinobu Hashimoto (screenwriter, Rashomon), & Bob Schiller (screenwriter, I Love Lucy).
Walter Bernstein (1919, screenwriter, Fail Safe).
Ray Harryhausen (1920, special effects creator, Jason & the Argonauts).
Bob Godfrey (1921, animator, Great – 1975)
Haskell Wexler (1922, cinematographer, American Graffitti).